turismo valle camonica

Requirements for inscription on UNESCO World Heritage List

Requirements for inscription on
UNESCO World Heritage List

Until the end of 2004, World Heritage sites were selected on the basis of 6 cultural and 4 natural criteria.

Since 2005 the criteria have been brought together in only one set of ten criteria for both cultural and natural properties, as put in theOperational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention.

To be included in theWorld Heritage List, a site must present an outstanding universal value and meet at least one of the ten criteria. Furthermore it must satisfy the conditions of integrity and/or authenticity and be equipped with an adequate system of tutelage and management to grant its conservation.

The criteria are constantly updated by the Committee so as to respect the time-evolving concept of World Heritage.

The 10 selection criteria to be suitable for inscription on UNESCO World Hertage List

  1. to represent a masterpiece of human creative genius;
  2. to exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design;
  3. to bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared;
  4. to be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history;
  5. to be an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement, land-use, or sea-use which is representative of a culture (or cultures), or human interaction with the environment especially when it has become vulnerable under the impact of irreversible change;
  6. to be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance. (The Committee considers that this criterion should preferably be used in conjunction with other criteria);
  7. to contain superlative natural phenomena or areas of exceptional natural beauty and aesthetic importance;
  8. to be outstanding examples representing major stages of earth's history, including the record of life, significant on-going geological processes in the development of landforms, or significant geomorphic or physiographic features;
  9. to be outstanding examples representing significant on-going ecological and biological processes in the evolution and development of terrestrial, fresh water, coastal and marine ecosystems and communities of plants and animals;
  10. to contain the most important and significant natural habitats for in-situ conservation of biological diversity, including those containing threatened species of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation.

Inscription criteria for Camonica Valley

ICOMOS, Criterion III: “The rock engravings
of Valcamonica stretch back over the 8 thousand
years which precede our present era. It is unnecessary
to emphasize the considerable and invaluable nature
of human rendering which are of so great an antiquity.

ICOMOS, Criterion VI: “The rock engravings of
Valcamonica constitute an extraordinary figurative
documentation of prehistoric customs and
mentality. The systematic interpretation, topological
classification, and the chronological study of
these configurations in stone have brought about
a considerable contribution to the fields of prehistory,
sociology and ethnology”.